Mohammad Amini

The IRGC’s missile and drone attacks on the headquarters of Kurdish opposition parties in Iraq continue. Meanwhile, Iran’s ambassador in Baghdad talks about a 10-day deadline for disarming these parties.

For the fourth time in the past two months, the IRGC attacked the headquarters of the Iranian Kurdish parties located in the Kurdistan region.

These attacks resulted in more than 20 deaths and dozens of injuries.

In these attacks, the headquarters of the Democratic Party, Komle and the Kurdistan Freedom Party were targeted in Sulaymaniyah and Erbil provinces.

Despite the reactions of the local government of the region, the central government of Iraq and some western countries, these attacks continue.

Iran accuses Kurdish opposition parties of playing the main role in rioting Kurdish cities. “rioting ” refers to the popular demonstrations of the past two months in Iran.

Iranian military authorities have announced that they will continue their attacks until the disarmament of these parties.

In this regard, Mohammad Kazem Al-Sadegh, Iran’s ambassador in Baghdad, who is one of the commanders of the Quds Force, has announced that they have submitted three requests to the Iraqi government:

• Control of the common borders with Iran by the army of the central government of Iraq

• Extradition of criminals

Disarming Kurdish opposition parties and settling them in refugee camps

According to the ambassador of Iran in Baghdad, the central government of Iraq has agreed to two requests and in relation to the issue of disarmament, it has also requested to give them enough time.

Al-Sadegh said that there are 10 days left for these parties to disarm.

Earlier, Ismail Qaani, commander of the Quds Force, announced that if the Iranian Kurdish parties based in Iraq are not disarmed, they will continue their attacks against these parties.

Currently, the Iraqi Border Guard Forces, all of whose forces and local commanders are Kurds, are stationed at the common borders between Iraq and Iran, but Iran’s request for the presence of Iraqi army forces at the borders can become a threat to the existence of the local government of the region, so far it is not clear whether Will the local government of Erbil agree to this request or not?

Regarding the issue of the extradition of the accused, which is very ambiguous, it has been several years since Tehran and Baghdad reached an agreement on this issue. In this case, the main concern is that political opponents of the Iranian regime who live in Iraq will be handed over to Iran based on this agreement. be given

In relation to the disarmament of the Kurdish parties and their accommodation in the refugee camp, taking into account the experience of the People’s Mojahedin after 2003 and the fall of the Baath regime, it is considered a great danger against the Iranian Kurdish parties.

After the overthrow of the Iraqi Ba’ath regime under the pressure of Iran, Ashraf Camp in Diyala, which was the location of the People’s Mujahideen, was closed and the forces of this Iranian opposition party were transferred to Liberty Camp, but they were repeatedly attacked by Iraqi militias affiliated to Iran, and dozens of The members of this party were killed.

Finally, with the initiative of America, more than three thousand members of the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran were transferred to Albania in 2016. In this way, the presence of this Iranian opposition organization in Iraq ended for three decades.

From that time, whispers about disarming and expelling other opponents of Iran in Iraq, which clearly meant the Iranian Kurdish parties, came out.

Now, if the Iranian Kurdish parties in Iraq are disarmed, there is a concern that Iran or its proxies will be sent to these refugee camps through various means, and eventually these parties will be expelled from Iraq.

In another similar case, we can mention Makhmour refugee camp where more than 10 thousand Turkish Kurds are settled. After 2014, ISIS attacked this camp many times, but the camp residents defended themselves and prevented the genocide.

Many Kurdish activists believe that ISIS is attacking this camp at the request of Turkey. After the collapse of the ISIS caliphate, this time the Turkish government directly carried out several bloody attacks on the Makhmur refugee camp.

On the other hand, the issue of the presence of Iranian Kurdish forces in Iraq is completely different from the issue of the presence of the People’s Mojahedin Organization, these parties live in Kurdish areas and do not have any cooperation in the crimes of the former Iraqi regime. Iraqi Kurdish people and parties have repeatedly declared their spiritual support for them.

Also, settling them in camps and even expelling them from Iraq will not mean the end of their influence in Iranian Kurdistan.

Mahmoud Sangawi, one of the military commanders of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, stated in this context that if these parties are in Iraq or not, if they have popular influence, they can use this influence anywhere in the world, so Iran’s excuses for attacking the headquarters of these parties are illusory. And it is belligerent.

Despite all this, the recent words of the Iranian ambassador and the military officials of this country should be considered as a warning for the Iranian Kurdish parties.