Amnesty International says thousands of people have been detained and interrogated in Iran “in violation of the law” in 2021, and has pointed to repression and violations of the rights of dissidents and ethnic and religious minorities.
Amnesty International’s annual report on Iran, the Middle East and North Africa states that last year, hundreds of people in Iran remained in “unfair detention” until the end of the year, including women, members of the same-sex, bisexual, transgender and transgender communities and ethnic minorities. And religious continued to face institutional discrimination and violence.
The report also criticizes the restrictions imposed by new legislation on sexual and reproductive rights, freedom of religion and belief, and access to the Internet.
The continuation of “widespread and systematic torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment”, including depriving prisoners of adequate medical care, the failure of the Islamic Republic to ensure timely and equitable access to the corona vaccine and the continued imposition of flogging, amputation and blinding Judicial officials are another focus of this report.
Amnesty International also notes that the authorities of the Islamic Republic have “extensively” used the death penalty as a “means of repression”.
The report also states that last year, in the Islamic Republic, impunity for crimes against humanity, past and present, related to the killing of political prisoners in 1988 and other crimes defined by international law, continued “systematically”. Found.
As an example of the systematic impunity of crimes against humanity in Iran, Amnesty International wrote that Ebrahim Ra’isi, the former head of the Iranian judiciary, instead of being prosecuted for crimes against humanity involving enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in 1988, In June 2021, he became the president.
According to Amnesty International, as US sanctions against Iran’s nuclear program, the corona epidemic and corruption deepen Iran’s economic crisis, and widespread union strikes and demonstrations continue in Iran, “officials are prioritizing decent wages, housing, “Medical care, food security and education were neglected in the country’s public budgets.”
Severe repression of freedom of expression, association, and assembly, continued media censorship, and blocking of satellite television networks, arbitrary detention of individuals who posted on social media on charges of “counter-revolution” or “anti-Islam,” and denial of Internet access. The flow of various protests in the country and the approval of the general plan for more Internet monitoring in the Iranian parliament are other parts of this report.
The report also cites threats from political dissidents and journalists living abroad and the arrest and interrogation of their families in Iran, the abduction of political dissidents and their transfer to Iran as other human rights violations by the Islamic Republic.
Discrimination against women, both in law and in practice, in various areas such as marriage, divorce, employment, inheritance and access to political office, and the continued imprisonment of women opposed to compulsory hijab, the abolition of free contraception, the ban on vasectomy and tubectomy, and Restrictions on the sale of birth control pills and the uncertainty of the fate of the bill to protect women against violence are among the human rights violations against women in Iran in 2021.
Discrimination against ethnic minorities, including Ahwazi Arabs, Azerbaijani Turks, Baluchis, Kurds, and Turkmen, as well as religious minorities, including Baha’is, Christians, Gonabadi dervishes, Jews, Yarsans, and Sunnis, and denial of equal access to education, employment, and political office. , Torture and other ill-treatment are other parts of Amnesty International’s 2021 Annual Report.
In late March of last year, Javid Rahman, the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Iran, called on the authorities of the Islamic Republic to hold the international community accountable for widespread human rights abuses in Iran.
According to a report by Javid Rehman, presented at the 49th session of the UN Human Rights Council, at least 275 people were executed in Iran in 2021 alone, of whom 40 were Baluchis and 50 were Kurds. .