While the Vienna talks on reviving the nuclear deal are at a critical juncture, and the Iranians hope that by signing the agreement the heavy burden of sanctions will be eased, the Russian sabotage has made it virtually impossible for the Vienna talks to be concluded.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said last week that he was “seeking assurances that US sanctions do not violate Russia’s rights under the nuclear deal.”
Germany, Britain and France, the three European members of the nuclear deal with Iran, have issued a joint statement warning of the danger of a “nuclear deal collapsing”.

“No one should take advantage of the nuclear negotiations to secure guarantees in matters other than the UN Security Council,” the three countries said.

They warn that such an approach runs the risk of “breaking the agreement”.

Vienna talks on US return to nuclear deal stalled on Friday.

Russia’s request to secure its interests in the UN Security Council, despite sanctions related to the invasion of Ukraine, is a new complication that has been added to the process of reviving the UN Security Council in recent days.

European parties have warned that a possible failure of the talks “would deprive the Iranian people of the lifting of sanctions and deprive the international community of the guarantees it needs in connection with Iran’s nuclear program.”

Following the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal and the return of sanctions, Iran has gradually reduced its implementation of its obligations in the IAEA Board and has intensified uranium enrichment while reducing some access to International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors.

Negotiations for the return of the United States to the UN Security Council have been under way for about a year since Joe Biden took office, and before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the parties said that these negotiations had reached the final days. However, Iranian sources continued to insist that some of Iran’s key demands had not been met.

Despite the suspension of the US talks, he still expressed hope that Borjam could be revived. State Department spokesman Ned Price made this conditional on “decisions to be made in places like Tehran and Moscow.”

Russia’s representative in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said after the talks were suspended that Russia could not be blamed for the delay. He said other parties “need extra time”.

The three European powers, members of the Security Council, said in a statement on Saturday that “a fair and comprehensive agreement is ready to be reached.”

“Our perception is that Iran and the United States have worked hard to resolve the latest bilateral issues, and we are ready to finalize this agreement,” they said.

A closed-door session of the Islamic Consultative Assembly is scheduled for Sunday to review the status of the nuclear talks.

Last year, the Iranian parliament passed a law entitled “Strategic Measures for the Lifting of Sanctions” was one of the complications that Hassan Rouhani’s government faced in reviving the negotiations. The government of Ibrahim Raisi is closer to the parliament in terms of political orientation.