First developed in the 1890s, radio still plays an important role in today’s free and independent press, reaching about 3 billion people worldwide each week.
United Nations Radio was established on February 13, 1946. UNESCO has declared February 13 as World Radio Day in 2011 due to the key role of radio in conveying information to people around the world, especially in times of crisis.
Radio is embedded in new technologies such as broadband and digital audio playback and can also be used via mobile phones.
Radio can also continue to transmit and broadcast information when other media fail, for emergency communications or in the event of a natural disaster. This is because traditional radio waves are transmitted at a lower frequency, and as a result, radio waves can travel beyond cellular technology. Radio is one of the necessary equipments of emergency kits.
Reaching the audience in times of crisis
In 2021, when regimes in Burma, Cuba, and the Ethiopian Tiger region attempted to cut off the Internet, networks affiliated with the United States Agency for International Media (USAGM) were able to provide information via radio.
In 2008, when I started my first experience in radio, I wrote more than 60 episodes of the “Political image of countries” for Radio Nawa and later worked for Radio Goran, and finally from the beginning of 2012 to 2021 as a speaker, editor, I worked with Radio Nawa as a producer, news director and presenter.
My work experience in radio is very different depending on my experience in newspapers, television and news websites. Speed in transmitting news, without the need for image and image editing and communication with a large part of the audience, even in the most remote areas that are deprived of electricity and Internet facilities, are the advantages of this media.
During demonstrations, wars and many crises, the radio can cover the news and reach its listeners as soon as possible.
During the war against ISIS between 2014 and 2017, the radio played an important role, both in informing about the war, in fighting religious prejudice, and in defending tolerance and the peaceful coexistence of followers of religions.
Apart from this, during ISIL’s domination of many parts of Iraq and Syria in those years, the radio was able to escape censorship and was the only source of information for the residents of those areas.
I would also like to talk about the difficulties of radio, and that is that the connection between the news section and the presenter of the radio program with the listeners and the audience is through language-voice-and-ear.
It should be illustrated on the radio with words and sound and the news message should be conveyed to the audience in short and clear sentences.