One day after the UN General Assembly passed a resolution condemning human rights violations in Iran, the European Parliament also adopted a harsh resolution against Iran in this regard on Thursday, December 18th.
The resolution, passed by 614 votes to 12, with 63 abstentions, cites a number of “gross violations” of human rights in Iran, including arbitrary detention, intimidation of the people and the opposition, executions and violations of minority rights. Islami wants to stop these actions immediately and allow the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights to travel to Iran.
The resolution refers to the return of Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, a lawyer and human rights activist, to Evin Prison while suffering from coronary heart disease, and says that she strongly condemns the arbitrary arrest, conviction and imprisonment of this human rights activist and calls on the Islamic Republic Release him immediately and unconditionally for treatment.
The European Parliament resolution also referred to the execution of Ruhollah Zam, former editor-in-chief of Amnnews, and Navid Afkari, an Iranian wrestler, and called on European countries to provide more protection to foreign nationals against threats and intimidation by the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence.
The resolution also calls on the Islamic Republic to immediately overturn the death sentence of Ahmad Reza Jalali, an Iranian-Swedish researcher accused of espionage.
The resolution called on the European Union to voice its concern over the unfair trials and for diplomatic staff to work to address the situation in Iranian prisons where human rights defenders and dual national detainees are being held.
The resolution names some dual national prisoners, such as Nazanin Zaghari and Kamil Ahmadi, British-Iranian citizens, Fariba Adelkhah, a French-Iranian researcher, Nahid Taghavi, an Iranian-German citizen, Murad Tahabaz, an Iranian-American citizen, Massoud, an Austrian-Iranian citizen, and an Austrian-Iranian citizen.
Iran has previously exchanged several dual-national or foreign detainees with Iranian detainees abroad, most recently the release of Kylie Moore-Gilbert, an Australian-British researcher, in exchange for the release of three Iranians accused of plotting to carry out a 2012 Israeli bombing plot in Thailand. They were convicted and imprisoned.
Europe and the United States have repeatedly accused Iran of “taking hostages.”
The resolution called on the Islamic Republic to immediately release the “hundreds” of human, labor, media, political and social activists detained “arbitrarily”.
EU foreign policy chief Joseph Borrell also addressed the issue of Ms. Sotoudeh’s return to prison and called on the Islamic Republic to release her immediately.
He also referred to the execution of Ruhollah Zam and said that the Islamic Republic executes more than 200 people annually and called for an end to forced television confessions and the abolition of executions in Iran.
Mr Borrell has said that all those involved in human rights abuses in Iran, especially in the November 2019 violence, should be prosecuted.
He called on Iran to abide by domestic and international human rights law.
The UN General Assembly on Wednesday, December 16th, adopted a resolution on “grave and gross violations of human rights” in Iran.
The Canadian resolution passed with 82 votes in favor, 30 against and 64 abstentions.
Reports indicate that the resolution was amended by the Third Committee.
The 67th resolution condemning human rights violations in Iran had already been passed by the Third UN Committee on November 20, with 79 votes in favor, 32 against and 64 abstentions.
With the adoption of this resolution, Iran’s human rights record will remain open for another year.
The resolution expresses concern over the high number of executions, in particular the execution of criminals under the age of 18 as a violation of Iran’s international obligations.
The resolution calls on Iran to end its brutal, inhuman and degrading treatment and punishment, and to end the systematic repression, arbitrary arrests and detentions of dissidents, including the forced disappearance of dissidents.
The UN resolution also called on Iran to address the plight of prisoners and to release those detained for defending women’s rights.
“Increasing pressure on religious minorities, including members of the Baha’i community,” “Violations of the rights of political prisoners, including their lack of access to a lawyer,” and “forced confessions” in the Islamic Republic are among the other issues addressed in the resolution. It has become a concern.
The resolution calls on the government of the Islamic Republic to release all those whose detention is considered arbitrary under international law.
The Iranian representative also criticized the proposed resolution at the meeting, saying that the resolution had nothing to do with “human rights.”
The representative of the Islamic Republic further said that the resolution was introduced by countries that themselves support “racism, colonialism and interventionism.”
The Chinese representative also criticized the resolution and the “dual” standard on human rights and voted against it.
In a report issued on September 14, the UN Secretary-General described “repeated and serious violations” of human rights in Iran as a “serious concern.”
my report in radio nawa: